Introduction

According to a study by All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), women with a hormonal imbalance are likely to get diabetes soon. Women suffering from Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (POCS) normally have hormonal imbalance in their body. In such women, the chances of developing diabetes are several times more. This is primarily due to the high levels of steroid hormones that create havoc with the body system. In this article, we would be looking at the important findings of this study to bring home the results for the benefit of readers.

AIIMS Study

The study from the organization has found that people with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome develop insulin resistance unless they treat the underlying condition in time. Because of this reason, they tend to develop diabetes fast when compared to those from general population. This study was conducted by Mohammed Ashraf Ganie who is a Senior Endocrinology Consultant and Assistant Professor at the institute. The study has also found that women with other health complications such as irregular menstrual cycles, thick hair on body parts and aches in different parts of the body may also develop insulin-resistance-induced diabetes over a longer time period due to a hormonal imbalance. Hence, they should visit a diabetologist to diagnose this metabolic anomaly at the earliest. People with POCS have several small cysts in their ovaries. In most cases, these cysts are not harmful. They merely lead to hormonal imbalances. The study also found out that POCS is more prevalent females who fall in 14-39 age group. These people are most likely get affected by type-2 diabetes over a longer time period.

Insulin Resistance

When people develop insulin resistance, the glucose level cannot be controlled despite the normal concentration of insulin in the body. This condition leads to decreased absorption of glucose into the cells and its accumulation in blood. If this persists, it would lead to type-2 diabetes or pre-diabetes. The early diagnosis and treatment of this condition can help control the symptoms and prevent problems that may arise over a longer time period. Some complications such as cardiovascular diseases might erupt if left untreated. The longer prevalence of the hormonal imbalance leads to problems such as high electrolyte concentration in blood, especially that of potassium. The hardening of the blood vessels that supply blood to kidneys leads to this problem. The higher potassium normally affects heart and kidneys after a time period. Hence, women need to treat POCS and the secondary condition diabetes early for the symptom-free life.

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